Uganda Facts

Background: The colonial boundaries created by Britain to delimit Uganda grouped together a wide range of ethnic groups with different political systems and cultures. These differences prevented the establishment of a working political community after independence was achieved in 1962. The dictatorial regime of Idi AMIN (1971-79) was responsible for the deaths of some 300,000 opponents; guerrilla war and human rights abuses under Milton OBOTE (1980-85) claimed at least another 100,000 lives. The rule of Yoweri MUSEVENI since 1986 has brought relative stability and economic growth to Uganda. During the 1990s, the government promulgated non-party presidential and legislative elections

Uganda Location: Eastern Africa

Area: 241,038 sq km (slightly smaller than Oregon)

border countries: Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania

Climate: tropical; generally rainy with two dry seasons (December to February, June to August); semiarid in northeast

Natural resources: copper, cobalt, hydropower, limestone, salt, arable land, gold

Land use: arable land: 21.57%; permanent crops: 8.92%; other: 69.51% (2005)

Population: 32,369,558

Age structure: 0-14 years: 50% (male 8,152,830/female 8,034,366); 15-64 years: 47.9% (male 7,789,209/female 7,703,143); 65 years and over: 2.1% (male 286,693/female 403,317) (2009 est.)

Median age: total: 15 years; male: 14.9 years; female: 15.1 years (2009 est.)

Birth rate: 47.84 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)

Death rate: 12.09 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.)

  • adult prevalence rate: 5.4% (2007 est.)
  • people living with HIV/AIDS: 940,000 (2007 est.)
  • deaths: 77,000 (2007 est.)

Major infectious diseases:

  • degree of risk: very high
  • food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
  • vectorborne diseases: malaria, plague, and African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness)
  • water contact disease: schistosomiasis
  • animal contact disease: rabies (2009)

A Ugandan family compound

Ethnic groups: Baganda 16.9%, Banyakole 9.5%, Basoga 8.4%, Bakiga 6.9%, Iteso 6.4%, Langi 6.1%, Acholi 4.7%, Bagisu 4.6%, Lugbara 4.2%, Bunyoro 2.7%, other 29.6% (2002 census)

Religions: Roman Catholic 41.9%, Protestant 42% (Anglican 35.9%, Pentecostal 4.6%, Seventh Day Adventist 1.5%), Muslim 12.1%, other 3.1%, none 0.9% (2002 census)

This is just a brief overview. For more about Uganda, check out the Uganda entry in The CIA World Factbook, the source for the information above.

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